Statistics is an academic discipline concerned with the collection, graphic representation, and analysis of data taken from specific population surveys. College statistics programs often focus on three subsections of statistical study: applied, theoretical, and mathematical statistics. Applied statistics courses consolidate the study of descriptive and inferential statistics, which uses results from probability studies to explain clear numeric correlations in data as well as the more random results. On-campus and online statistics courses that discuss theoretical statistics use logic and probability theory to explain why data sets yield certain results while mathematical statistics are concerned with fundamentally altering experiment designs to create different probability data.
If you plan on enrolling in an online statistics course, you should know that there are no accrediting agencies for statistics courses or programs around the country. The American Statistical Association (AMSTAT) does offer voluntary accreditation to tenured statistics professors with an advanced statistics degree and over 5 years of teaching experience, but there are no ubiquitous accreditation criteria for online courses in statistics. Any online statistics class can teach you about probability theory, confounding factors, and numeric correlations, but the key aspect of this field is experimentation and sample survey design. Online courses simply cannot fulfill this portion of your statistics education since it is up to you to go out, design experiments, and use analytical thinking to explain results from any particular data set.
Online courses in statistics are useful tools for learning about probability theory, experiment design, inferential statistics, and data mining. During these courses, you will ask yourself questions such as:
Since there are no criteria for university or online-based statistics courses, you will have to rely upon your own independent research and discretion when selecting a relevant, informative course. Before enrolling, you should research the prestige of the school, the positions its graduates hold in the job market, as well as whether your professor has a PhD in statistics. Accredited postsecondary schools only hire faculty with doctorates in their field, so any college that falls short of that hiring criteria probably lacks an informative, current statistics curriculum. Largely populated universities often have online portals dedicated to student course reviews. You should heed the insight of students whom took your desired courses in the past when deciding if they fit your academic needs.
We have compiled relevant open courseware in statistics and organized it in the directory below. Open courseware is simply a collection of online tests, video lectures, and related course materials from mostly prestigious universities from around the world. While these materials are non-restrictive and free to access, you will have to learn independently since you cannot interact with the professor of the course. However, these courses can be excellent resources if you are considering an on-campus or online statistics degree and want to gauge your interest in the subject matter and ability to meet classroom work requirements.